This document is being revised for MagicalRecord 2.3.0, and may contain information that is out of date. Please refer to the MagicalRecord’s headers if anything here doesn’t make sense.

Basic Finding

Most methods in MagicalRecord return an NSArray of results.

As an example, if you have an entity named Person related to a Department entity (as seen in many of Apple’s Core Data examples), you can retrieve all of the Person entities from your persistent store using the following method:

objective-c NSArray *people = [Person MR_findAll];

To return the same entities sorted by a specific attribute:

objective-c NSArray *peopleSorted = [Person MR_findAllSortedBy:@"LastName" ascending:YES];

To return the entities sorted by multiple attributes:

objective-c NSArray *peopleSorted = [Person MR_findAllSortedBy:@"LastName,FirstName" ascending:YES];

To return the results sorted by multiple attributes with different values. If you don’t provide a value for any attribute, it will default to whatever you’ve set in your model:

```objective-c NSArray *peopleSorted = [Person MR_findAllSortedBy:@“LastName:NO,FirstName” ascending:YES];

// OR

NSArray *peopleSorted = [Person MR_findAllSortedBy:@“LastName,FirstName:YES” ascending:NO]; ```

If you have a unique way of retrieving a single object from your data store (such as an identifier attribute), you can use the following method:

objective-c Person *person = [Person MR_findFirstByAttribute:@"FirstName" withValue:@"Forrest"];

Advanced Finding

If you want to be more specific with your search, you can use a predicate:

objective-c NSPredicate *peopleFilter = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"Department IN %@", @[dept1, dept2]]; NSArray *people = [Person MR_findAllWithPredicate:peopleFilter];

Returning an NSFetchRequest

objective-c NSPredicate *peopleFilter = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"Department IN %@", departments]; NSFetchRequest *people = [Person MR_requestAllWithPredicate:peopleFilter];

For each of these single line calls, an NSFetchRequest and NSSortDescriptors for any sorting criteria are created.

Customizing the Request

```objective-c NSPredicate *peopleFilter = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@“Department IN %@”, departments];

NSFetchRequest *peopleRequest = [Person MR_requestAllWithPredicate:peopleFilter]; [peopleRequest setReturnsDistinctResults:NO]; [peopleRequest setReturnPropertiesNamed:@[@“FirstName”, @“LastName”]];

NSArray *people = [Person MR_executeFetchRequest:peopleRequest]; ```

Find the number of entities

You can also perform a count of all entities of a specific type in your persistent store:

objective-c NSNumber *count = [Person MR_numberOfEntities];

Or, if you’re looking for a count of entities based on a predicate or some filter:

objective-c NSNumber *count = [Person MR_numberOfEntitiesWithPredicate:...];

There are also complementary methods which return NSUInteger rather than NSNumber instances:

objective-c + (NSUInteger) MR_countOfEntities; + (NSUInteger) MR_countOfEntitiesWithContext:(NSManagedObjectContext *)context; + (NSUInteger) MR_countOfEntitiesWithPredicate:(NSPredicate *)searchFilter; + (NSUInteger) MR_countOfEntitiesWithPredicate:(NSPredicate *)searchFilter inContext:(NSManagedObjectContext *)context;

Aggregate Operations

```objective-c NSNumber *totalCalories = [CTFoodDiaryEntry MR_aggregateOperation:@“sum:” onAttribute:@“calories” withPredicate:predicate];

NSNumber *mostCalories = [CTFoodDiaryEntry MR_aggregateOperation:@“max:” onAttribute:@“calories” withPredicate:predicate];

NSArray *caloriesByMonth = [CTFoodDiaryEntry MR_aggregateOperation:@“sum:” onAttribute:@“calories” withPredicate:predicate groupBy:@“month”]; ```

Finding entities in a specific context

All find, fetch, and request methods have an inContext: method parameter that allows you to specify which managed object context you’d like to query:

```objective-c NSArray *peopleFromAnotherContext = [Person MR_findAllInContext:someOtherContext];

Person *personFromContext = [Person MR_findFirstByAttribute:@“lastName” withValue:@“Gump” inContext:someOtherContext];

NSUInteger count = [Person MR_numberOfEntitiesWithContext:someOtherContext]; ```